USE on history 2020
History is one of the most important and most difficult subjects of the school curriculum. The textbook incorporates a large amount of information and dates: from the life of the first Slavs to the entry and government of the current president. To study and remember such a volume of data is quite difficult. Therefore, it is not surprising that today students in grades 9-10 are wondering whether the exam in history 2020 will be mandatory and what to expect from the upcoming testing. All currently known details of the upcoming test are collected in this article.
Is the Unified State History Exam required in 2020?
The early Minister of Education said that by 2020, history will be the third required subject (in addition to mathematics and the Russian language). According to Olga Vasilyeva, in the first year the test will be conducted in a pilot format. Such statements were made to her back in 2017 and 2018. To date, the situation has changed a bit.
According to the head of the Ministry of Education and Science, no global changes will occur in the next few years, and neither history nor English (which was supposed to be compulsory in 2022) will be added to Russian and mathematics. This is due to the fact that the introduction of new exams is a laborious process that requires more than one year to launch. In any case, the first mandatory history exam will be held in the training version. And its implementation will be announced at least one year in advance. Therefore, those who are only entering grade 11 have nothing to fear (for now).
Who needs to pass the exam in history?
Despite the fact that the USE in history is not needed for a certificate, some students still have to take testing in this subject. This concerns those graduates whose future profession requires knowledge in this direction. Most often these are specialties that are related to political / legal activity:
- Political science;
- Jurisprudence and others.
You can find out if a story is necessary for entering a particular university only on its official website. If this discipline is indicated in the list of compulsory subjects (eg: Russian language, social studies, history), then you must write in advance the corresponding statement about the desire to surrender it.
How will history testing be conducted next year?
Major changes in the rules of the exam in history next year are not planned. However, according to the FIPI, in 2020, an exam can be held in the home school of graduates. Perhaps this is only in specially equipped classrooms. This is done to minimize the stress of the test. The works will be checked according to the new system - by experts from completely different regions. This method of verification almost completely eliminates falsification of results.
The structure of the test on the history of the fatherland
As before, historical tasks (of which there are only 25) are divided into two large groups:
|Part||Number of tasks||Features|
|1||19||All tasks involve giving a short answer. It can be expressed as a single digit or their sequence, as well as a word or phrase. An expression (numerical / alphabetic) is entered in the answer column without spaces.|
|2||6||Tasks require giving a detailed free answer. The tests of this part are connected with the analysis of historical events / points of view of historians, etc.|
You can study the types of tasks in the discipline in more detail using the testing demos. The topics covered in each part are presented by the USE 2020 codifier.
Evaluation Criteria for Written Answers by History
The criteria for evaluating the answers to tasks on history can be presented in the form of the following table:
|Job Number||Maximum points|
|1, 4, 10, 13-15, 18-19||1|
|2-9, 12, 16-17||2|
The maximum number of points that an examiner can score is 55. At the same time, the minimum threshold set for applicants is 32 points. The simplest task is considered to be point No. 21, the most difficult - No. 24 (requiring argumentation). A historical essay allows you to immediately score 2 points. To do this, you only need to select a period and indicate the events that took place in it.
It is worth noting that the first part of testing (1-19) is checked by a computer automatically, and the second (20-25) - by experts. That is why in tasks requiring a short answer, special attention must be paid to the accuracy of filling out the form. And in the second part - the exact chronology of the events indicated, the fidelity of the thoughts expressed, historical terms and form of presentation. All tasks should be performed strictly in accordance with the requirements specified in them.
Conditions for completing assignments in the exam in 2020
Next year, the exam in history can be organized in any educational institution equipped with special equipment and obtained permission to hold this event. The main conditions for the exam include:
- Duration - 235 minutes;
- Briefing - required (not included in regular time);
- The official source of data is Rosobrnadzor.
There are no global changes in the format and conditions of the history exam compared to previous years.
When will the exam take place on history
So far, the exact date of the exam is unknown. However, today we can name the main periods and their approximate dates. As before, in 2020 the exam will be carried out in several stages:
- Early (March-April). It is intended for graduates of past years, as well as current students of 11th grade, who, for good reason, will not be able to attend the main exam.
- The main (May-June). In these terms, the exam pass the vast majority of graduates.
- Optional (fall 2020). Those who didn’t have time to do this in the summer for a good reason will be able to take a history exam in September. In the same period, those graduates who again failed their first attempt at passing the exam were trying their strength again.
The exact date of the exam will be known only in the winter and spring of next year.
Effective exam preparation in 2020
Without preparation, passing the story (even at the minimum score) is unlikely to succeed. The fact is that discipline spans a large period of time. An approximate knowledge of dates and events is not enough for a successful test. To get a really decent mark, you need to regularly go through training options on the Internet and constantly improve your knowledge. Each successfully passed exam demo is a step towards getting the highest score.
For better memorization, experts recommend using tables and diagrams. In addition to self-training, it is necessary to deal with a teacher (if there is such an opportunity). Also, as the additional sources, it is worth using the works of eminent historians and political scientists. This will help you quickly navigate when writing an essay.
What should not be done on the exam, and what needs to be done first?
You should go to the exam with a calm soul and a clear conscience. Therefore, you should not take cribs and phones with you. Firstly, it promises removal from the audience, and secondly, this is only an additional reason for worries. You should come for testing only with your own knowledge (there is still a whole year to obtain and accumulate it!).
On the exam itself, you should remember a few simple rules:
- Instructions and assignments. It’s better to read the instructions for the form and the tasks for the tests several times, rather than later sad about ridiculous mistakes.
- Accomplishment of easy tasks. The first step is to follow the steps that are simple for you. So, there will be more time to solve complex ones.
- The writing. Do not neglect the composition. Getting a few points in it is quite simple (you need to follow only the first instructions).
Passing an exam in history is not difficult in only one case - if the level of knowledge in the discipline allows you to feel confident. And even regardless of whether it will be necessary to hand over the subject or not, it is necessary to pull up your knowledge on it. It is impossible to build a future without knowing the history of your country!