Passover (Jewish Passover) in 2020
For the Jewish people, Passover is the most ancient holiday, and the most significant. Jewish people remember this important day from ancient times, and sacredly honors the memory of being rescued from slavery. This holiday is a symbol of liberation, the achievement of the long-awaited goal, and deliverance from tyranny. The celebration has centuries-old traditions, and all Jews still honor them. The traditional dish of this celebration is a fresh matzah cake, a symbol of the rush that all Jews leaving Egypt suffered.
When will Passover be in 2020
The first Jewish calendar is considered lunar, and not familiar to modern Jews. Therefore, the date of Passover is calculated based on the lunar calendar. When the first full moon passes in the spring, and the Nisan month begins, the Passover is appointed on the 14th day. It turns out that in the Jewish calendar this month is the very first, and the celebration falls on day 14. According to modern chronology, Passover occurs in approximately mid-March or early April.
In 2020, Passover (Passover) begins in the evening of April 8 (Wednesday) and ends at night on April 9 (Thursday).
The Easter holidays in Israel will begin in the evening of April 8, and will last until April 16, 2020 inclusive, that is, a little more than a week. At this time, Saturday and Sunday become days in which any work is prohibited.
A bit of history
The Passover holiday is based on the events that took place in Ancient Egypt and led to the liberation of the entire Jewish people. If you translate the name of the holiday from Hebrew, you get "Passed by." And, as the day has passed, Passover has the deepest philosophical meaning. In those days, the pharaoh of Egypt kept all Jews in slavery, and at the request of the prophet Moses to release the sons of Jerusalem, he only laughed. When the pharaoh refused to free the slaves, Moses threatened him with the fact that the Lord would reveal his anger to him. The ruler did not believe it, but soon he saw 9 terrible punishments. So many terrible events fell upon the inhabitants of the Egyptian country, and with the end of each catastrophe the Seer inquired from the dictator whether he agreed to stop holding the Jews. But the stubborn refused, which provoked a more terrible tragedy. First, all the water in the reservoirs turned into blood, then hordes of toads and frogs appeared. Clouds of midges and insects came flying behind them, gadflies tortured cattle, and animals massively died.
After that, terrible ulcers appeared on the bodies of the Egyptians, and then an eclipse began, plunging Egypt into impenetrable darkness. After three days of darkness, the worst execution struck - the death of the first-born. Before its onset, all the Jews prepared, and marked the doors of their houses with the blood of lambs. The Lord killed only the Egyptian first-born, and spared the Jews. Only after the death of his son did Pharaoh agree to give the Jews freedom, and so the great Exodus began.
Passover or Passover
For Russia, the name Passover is not very familiar, so the holiday is more often called Passover. But only religiously, this is not true, since this day is not related to Easter. Jews do not celebrate the resurrection of the Lord on this date, but rejoice at the Exodus from Egypt. There is a theory linking this celebration with Christian Easter, but it has not received its confirmation.
Each nation has its own traditional holidays, which came from the depths of centuries, and which have no analogues in other countries. For Jews, Passover is such a day. Although this holiday has nothing to do with Orthodox Easter, it talks about how the Jewish people were able to leave Egypt and gain freedom.
Tradition of celebration
Jews have clear rules for the celebration of Passover, and over the years no one deviates from these canons. The rituals are strictly defined by many years of history, and all the Jews venerate them sacredly. It has its own rules and a festive meal, called the Seder, and which is ritual. Also, special religious texts are traditionally read on this day, and even a ban on work is observed annually.
Matzo is a traditional dish on Passover - a fresh cake made in the shape of a rectangle. The matzo cooking canons dictate spending only 18 minutes on matzo, it’s just so much that the dough does not have time to start wandering. Thus, matzo is not considered a kvass dish, and it can be consumed during the holiday. Matza serves as a reminder of the grand rush in which all the Jews were forced to pack their belongings, leaving Egypt. They left so fast that the bread dough did not have time to come up, and so matzo appeared.
The key tradition of Passover is the complete rejection of everything kvass called chametz. Even for a ritual dinner, dishes that have ever served leaven are not suitable. Therefore, dishes for Passover are selected according to special rules. All plates and glasses are either bought for the holiday, or stored in the house exclusively for this event. Chametz is the common name for all dishes in which the fermentation process has begun. Of course, bread, cakes, pasta, carbonated drinks, alcohol and many others are credited to the chametz. The list of leaven is quite long, and bans most products. You can’t even store a chametz in the house, and you need to get rid of all the kvass in advance. Someone burns chametz, but most prefer to sell leaven to people of a different faith. But the sale is carried out at a symbolic price.