Autumn equinox day 2020
Since ancient times, most public holidays have been associated with natural phenomena. Only a few of them have reached us. We have forgotten others or left them to science and associated them with purely scientific phenomena, sometimes forgetting about the signs, rituals, and the meaning that our ancestors put in these days. One of these holidays is the Autumnal Equinox. Many often remember only that after this day, winter is approaching. For those who lived long before us, it was an important holiday.
When will the autumn equinox in 2020
In autumn there is a date when the daylight hours are equal in duration to the dark. It falls on September 22 or 23 - the difference is due to a leap year. Despite the fact that trees began to turn yellow in cities and forests of Russia, the arrival of astrological autumn is associated with this date.
In 2020, the Autumnal Equinox falls on Tuesday, September 22.
Researchers have even determined the exact time of this phenomenon. It changes from year to year, but in 2020 it will be at 13-31 UTC. The autumnal equinox has not only an astronomical meaning. In the history of every nation there are holidays, one way or another connected with it. On this day, they honored their ancestors, thanked the gods for the harvest, gathered families. In many cultures, erected buildings that have a sacred meaning.
What is this date?
On the date of the autumnal equinox, in accordance with astronomical knowledge, the Earth rises in relation to the Sun strictly vertically. After this, the star begins to move into the Southern Hemisphere, leaving the Northern in the shadow. Already on the next day, the light part of the day will begin to decline, gradually giving half the planet to darkness.
Any holiday has always attracted the attention of people. They were isolated from the series of days, the weather was associated with them, natural phenomena, the signs were remembered. The Autumnal Equinox is no exception.
Note that most of the signs are based on natural phenomena. Here are some of them:
- Flocks of flying birds talked about the icy winter.
- Few berries on the mountain ash - autumn will be dry. A rich harvest heralded a harsh winter.
- In the year when the mountain ash leaves turned yellow and faded by this day, cold will come early.
- What is the weather like this will be autumn. True, a thunderstorm promises warmth.
- There are many acorns on the oak - Christmas will be wonderful, snowy, warm.
- Hens began to molt at the equinox or shortly before it, which means that winters could not be afraid.
There are signs promising happiness:
- Wealth will come to those who celebrate the equinox for an entire week.
- A meager holiday table is a sign that during the year a person will constantly lack.
- Meeting with the wedding meant happiness throughout the year.
- If a married woman goes to her parents' house, tying a belt over her skirt, and he falls, it means that there may be problems in family relations.
Celebrating in different countries
For most nations, the equinox in autumn was an important part of the festive calendar. It carried a mystical meaning, which was reflected not only in the celebration, but also in the creation of some symbols, which it is not always possible to solve the full meaning of today. One of them is Stonehenge. According to one version, megalithic formations were built to conduct rituals dedicated to the main phenomena of the annual cycle. There are similar formations in other European countries, for example, in Bulgaria. In the mountains are rocks or bizarre stones that once served to determine astronomical phenomena to the ancient Thracian tribes.
They recorded astronomical phenomena in more modern buildings. For example, in Strasbourg there is a Cathedral with a stained glass window. In the days of the equinox, the sunbeam reflected from the glass falls strictly on the statue of Christ.
On the Yucotan Peninsula there is a building - the Pyramid of the Feathered Serpent. It is created in such a way that on the dates of the autumn and spring equinoxes, the play of light and darkness creates the image of a dragon. These buildings are material, but many rituals and traditions are spiritual in nature, they remind us of the celebration.
For the Celts, this day was associated with the second harvest festival - Mabon, the hero of Welsh mythology - a symbol of the male principle. The celebration lasted up to three days. During this time, it was necessary to get rid of everything superfluous, old, because a new life began. The second important custom is to remember ancestors, especially women. And finally, a holiday was connected with thanksgiving for the harvest. The holiday, which gave rise to the modern Oktoberfest in Germany, had a similar meaning. In Japan, at the equinox they honor the memory of their ancestors. They put their photos, eat plant food - beans, rice cakes.
The ancient Slavs celebrated Oseniny. There were three such holidays, the second of them coincided precisely with the autumn equinox. In the morning, women were going to the shore of the ponds to meet mother Osenina. The oldest carried bread baked from oats. It was divided into several pieces according to the number of women who came. At the end of the ceremony, the pieces were given to pets.
Another family custom is associated with inviting newlyweds to relatives in their home. The owners boasted about how they arranged their life, showed the harvest. Guests, in turn, praised the hostess. On the table were pies with cabbage, apples.
The history of the holiday and the rites of different nations: