St. Patrick's Day 2020
March is the month when finally the cold winter days gradually recede into the past, and there are many holidays ahead, bright and warm days that allow you to relax and rest. One of these festivities is St. Patrick's Day. He came to Russia not so long ago, but already managed to fall in love with many.
When will St. Patrick's Day be in 2020
Year after year, millions of people around the world honor the patron saint of Ireland on March 17th. Believers go to church, participants in the festivities in honor of this day, put on green clothes, meet with friends to drink a glass of ale.
In 2020, St. Patrick's Day falls on Tuesday, March 17th.
Of course, Tuesday is not the most convenient day to celebrate, but it’s a great occasion to make the work or school week brighter and more fun. The image of St. Patrick found love and reverence in the hearts of millions of people living in many countries of the world. He is worshiped in the church as a distributor of Christianity. He is loved by ordinary people participating in annual festivals.
A bit of history
St. Patrick’s is a national Irish holiday with both secular and religious significance. It was in Ireland that his celebration was born, from where it spread throughout the world. There is evidence that they noted it back in the 9-10 centuries. He appeared on the church calendar in the 17th century, when St. Patrick was called the patron saint of Ireland. It became an official holiday in 1903, and in 1931 it was enriched by the tradition of organizing festive parades.
But why is this date celebrated on March 17, and who is Saint Patrick? History leads us to a certain son of noble parents Mavin Sukkat. When the young man turned 16, he was abducted by robbers, sold into slavery. According to one version, this happened in Ireland. In his autobiography Confession, Sukkat wrote that he knew neither faith nor God until he became a slave. But after he began to pray constantly, and one night, 6 years after his trials began, a voice appeared in a dream inviting him to leave and board the ship awaiting him.
So the hero escaped from slavery and, returning home, became a minister of the church, and later - a bishop. During his studies in Gaul, he was nicknamed Patricius, the father of the people. In 431 or 432, Sukkat, already known as Patrick, returned to Ireland with the episcopal office. According to another version, an angel appeared to him and ordered him to return. Here he began to preach Christianity. During his life, more than 120 thousand Irish were baptized, from 300 to 600 churches were founded. Patrick has performed many miracles throughout his life. One of them is the expulsion of snakes from Ireland. They say they are still not on the Green Island. However, scientists consider the snake an allegory. In their opinion, these are pagan beliefs, not real reptiles.
St. Patrick died, as the author of his biography Edward Jones, on March 17, testifies. But there is no exact information for the year. The legend says that his body was put on a cart pulled by bulls, and put to the ground where the rebellious animals stopped. According to some reports, this happened in Downatrick, in Northern Ireland.
Spread around the world
The Irish settled around the world brought triumph with them to many countries. It has been celebrated in Canada since 1929, despite the fact that the first parade was held in Montreal in 1824, and since then it has been held in this city for almost 200 years every year. In the United States, Patrick's memorial was first held in 1756 in one of the New York taverns. In Malaysia, a holiday has been celebrated since 1925. In this country, St. Patrick's Ball is organized. Celebrate the famous Irish also in other Asian countries. South Korea joined the celebration in 1976, and Japan in 1992.
In Russia, the holiday was first celebrated in 1991, then it was organized by businessmen from Ireland, who opened a shopping center in Moscow. The Green Island Embassy joined events in 1999.
Tradition of celebration
The brightest and most famous tradition of St. Patrick's Day is the holding of parades and festivals. In the country where this holiday came from, a festival is organized, which, at the call of the country's leadership, should popularize national Irish traditions in the world, help create an image of a creative and gifted state. The festival is held for several days. In its framework, concerts, processions, fireworks are organized. Many participants put on green items of clothing, such as tall hats, wear any items of this color. Others dress up in leprechauns, draw trefoils on their cheeks.
In Chicago, for example, a river is painted green in honor of the holiday. In many countries, the days of the culture of Ireland coincide with the celebration of St. Patrick. This is also happening in Russia. In Moscow, organized festivities, processions, concerts. It is unlikely that in any country the celebration is complete without real Irish beer. In the country where the celebration came from, from 1903 to the 1970s. all bars were closed during the holidays, but now even here, few adults are able to resist the temptation to drink beer.
Without even remembering the exact date of St. Patrick's Day, it is easy to recognize the solemn events organized in his honor by several vivid symbols. Participants in festivals and parades should have some green object with them. Until the end of the 18th century. the symbol was blue, however, during the uprising in the late 18th century. Irish soldiers dressed in green robes. So this color was fixed for the holiday.
Another symbol is a shamrock. Legend has it that Patrick used a clover leaf to explain the idea of the unity of the Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit. Many believe that if on a holiday a person finds a clover with four leaves, he will be lucky. Another symbol is Leprechaun. This is a gnome, one of the characters in the Irish folk tradition. According to legend, he wears a green hat, a suit and stores pots filled with gold. Each of them has a thousand gold coins, and they are stored in the earth at the ends of the rainbow.
How is the celebration in Moscow: